Historical Evidences for Noah’s Flood

Concerning the flood itself, the Bible makes it very clear that it was global in nature, saying in Genesis 7:19-20 that “the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered” by 15 cubits or 22.5 feet of water. This was not some local breaking of a dam, as some scholars have insisted over the years. No, this was an utterly unprecedented flood on a massive scale, whereby the waters covered entire surface of the globe. Furthermore, looking to other areas of technical investigation, we find that everything from radiometric dating discrepancies, ice core sampling, and even dendrochronology seem to indicate that some massive and unique event took place approximately 4,300 years ago.

In Genesis 7:11, we are told of the global flood, in which the whole planet was inundated under a vast, cleansing deluge, survived only by Noah, his wife, three sons and their wives, and at least one pair of every kind of animal alive on Earth. After 40 days of rain, and seven months of riding the waves, adrift on an endless ocean, the Ark came to rest in the mountains of Ararat, where a dove was released, and upon its return to the ark carrying an olive branch, Noah knew the waters were abating. A week hence, the ark’s passengers emerged, and Noah and his family sacrificed of every clean beast and fowl to God, who blessed them and placed in the sky the first rainbow as a reminder that He would never again flood the entire planet.

A few points now. As the Genesis account notes, aside from torrential rains falling from above (the opening of “the windows of heaven“), there is the enigmatic references to how “all the fountains of the great deep broken up.” Could it be that the latter is a reference to great crustal bodies of water, held for a millennia under heat and pressure, finally released in an earth-shattering cataclysm? Could that great day of turmoil have seen, as some contend, the surface of the planet split in great fissures, ripping across the land at speeds of three miles per second, from which erupted geysers of hot, pressurized water perhaps as high as twenty miles into the atmosphere? Could such an event rattle the geological foundation of the planet so intensely that it altered its natural processes forevermore? The global implications for such are staggering, not only in terms of the effects of the environment, but also in regard to life on Earth as a whole.

Geologically, what are we to make of the fact that bar far the majority of fossils are found buried amongst waterborne sedimentary deposits. Even more intriguing is the strata (layers of rock) that are folded and bent. How is it that layers of hardened rock, sometimes thousands of feet deep, can be seemingly bent like rubber, shifting without fracturing? Rock, you see, is brittle and cannot under normal conditions bend or flex without fracturing. The simplest explanation in such cases is that they were bent while the sediments of each layer were still wet. This however flies in the face of secular geology which holds that each layer was deposited over thousands, perhaps millions, of years in a slow, gradual process. Critics tend to claim that heat and pressure are to blame for such occurrences, yet in reality the heat and pressure needed would transform the existing sediments into a variety of metamorphic rocks, and this clearly is not the case.

In fact, such layers demonstrate that they were not the product of gradual deposition, but rather were placed and shaped by the forces associated with a powerful flood. Considering the scope of some of these formations, some many hundreds of feet in size, it would have had to have been a flood of an unprecedented size that positioned them. What’s more is that, far from an isolated event, such bent strata are seen across the globe. Could it be that there were many gigantic regional floods that formed them, or perhaps just one great one?

Believe what you will about the Genesis account and its reference to such an unbelievable event. I freely admit that I too, even as an early believer, was skeptical, only in time coming to see and accept the evidence at hand. Even so, whatever you may think of the matter, it is well worth noting that such an account is not limited to the Bible alone. Incredibly, the various details of the flood and of a family’s survival in the midst of it, despite time and distance, are shared across literally hundreds of cultures around the world!

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From the Sumerians to the Chinese, various details about the flood are strikingly shared with the Biblical account. In over five hundred cultures we find this unbelievable “coincidence.” Such cannot rightly be ignored.

One account, The Hihking of ancient China, tells of how Fuhi, his wife, three sons, and three daughters, escaped a great flood as the sole survivors of the cataclysm who later repopulated the Earth. Similarly, consider the Hawaiian account of Nu’u, who constructed an ark to escape a great flood. After landing his vessel safely, he attributed his survival to the moon, making sacrifices to it. Seeing this, the creator god descended to Earth on a rainbow to inform Nu’u of his error. Consider the Greek account of Deucalion, who, according to one rendition, survived a great flood along with his family and all the animals within a chest after the rest of the world was drowned in a massive, cleansing flood. One Aztec account tells of the story of Nata and his wife, Nana, who were contacted by a god and instructed to hollow out a cypress log in order to make a boat in which they were to survive a great flood. When that flood came, Nata and Nana rode safely as the waters rose higher even than the mountains, killing all other men. Incredibly, in Aztec art, the account is rendered as a boat riding the waves near a large mountain, Nata and Nana above the boat, and a dove flying above them.

Are these accounts simply just coincidence? Can the various details be just random, statistical anomalies in which we see meaning? Alternatively, could each of these various accounts, though corrupted through generational transmissions and regional adaptations, represent the global remnants of a deeper truth? Are these accounts in fact the fragments of a distant memory? Without a doubt, at the heart of each pagan legend lies a kernel of truth.

Only one account provides the critical details which can be examined. Only one is demonstrably feasible. That one, based on layers of evidence, comes from a time predating the written histories of essentially every other culture on Earth, and thereby likely represents the first recording of the true events that shook the world. All other accounts, with their many flawed retellings and subtle deviations, no doubt arose in time as mankind retook the land.

Can we overlook all of the impossible similarities amongst the various cultures in their retelling of the same event, relegating such to the realm of only myth or allegory? Can we ignore the global scars left from such an event, the rapidly-deposited layers of sediment, folded layers of rock within the strata, the untold millions of waterborne fossils, and others? Surely, a deeper truth well beyond the fantasy of man lies within, and it stands as yet another testimony to the veracity of the Bible as a whole.


 

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